Urtica urens

Nettle is mentioned by Chrysippus, Hesiod and Aristophanes. Hippocrates includes it in the  "panacea" plants and recommends it to treat 61 diseases.

Galenos proposed nettle as a diuretic, a laxative, for the treatment of dog bite, gangrene, swelling, excessive menstruation, nosebleeds, the spleen diseases, asthma, pleurisy, pneumonia, the oral ulcers and in treating hair problems. Two centuries later, Lucius Apuleius recommends nettle together with cannabis for the treatment of tremor symptoms after burning.


In Denmark, there have been found remnants of fabrics of the Bronze Age which were made of nettle fibers. There are also indications that in the Neolithic period has been used to construct strings.

In ancient Egypt was used to relieve the pain of arthritis and back pain.

In the Middle Ages, the nettle was used for the treatment of shingles, constipation, problems with the sinuses, lungs, mucous membranes and skin.


A strange practice found in many cultures for thousands of years is the flagellation with fresh nettle known as "urtification" and recommend to people experiencing cholera, typhus, chronic rheumatism, and paralysis.


The Romans used the nettle to cope with fatigue and stimulate circulation of the feet and spread it from Britain to the Middle East.

Native American used nettle to treat diarrhea, acne, and infections of the urinary and women chewed nettle sprigs during childbirth for muscle relaxation. They also used the fibers of nettle to make clothes, ropes, and fishing nets. These fibers gave a cloth with texture and appearance similar to silk. In Scotland, nettle was used until the 17th century for the manufacture of durable fabrics.


Nicholas Culpeper, British herbalist, physician and astrologer of the 17th century was prescribing gargling with nettle tea and honey for the treatment of oral infections. He also said that the nettle contributes to the removal of stones from the bladder, as an antiseptic in skin diseases, helps in the treatment of gouty arthritis, sciatica, relieves pains in the joints and serves as an antidote to poisonous bites.

In the nineteenth-century nettle was been given for the treatment of dysentery, of kidney stones, hemorrhoids, infantile diarrhea, eczema, and in the treatment of fever.


In the First World War, Germany and Austria used the nettle fiber as a substitute for cotton in military uniforms. In World War II, the British government used the concoction to produce a green paint for camouflage because of its high content of chlorophyll,.

• Nettle is rich in vitamins A, C, E, K, B1, B2, B3 and B5. It is rich in fatty acids, calcium, flavonoids, iron, folic acid, sulfur, potassium, magnesium, manganese, phosphorus, selenium, and zinc. Nettle contains many phytochemical elements like lycopene, beta-carotene, caffeic acid, malic acid, acetic acid, and betaine, which have strong antioxidant activity, prevent the creation of free radicals and prevent premature aging of the organism.


• Nettle is especially beneficial for those suffering from renal failure, prostatic hyperplasia, urinary tract infections, hypertension, congestive heart failure. Catalyses uric acid and is indicated in diseases of the liver and bile ulcer, intestinal inflammation. It stimulates the function of the pancreas, lowers the pressure increases hemoglobin. It is used to treat Alzheimer's and multiple sclerosis.


• It can help considerably to relieve breathing difficulties, the dissolution, and liquidation of excess mucus from the lungs, thus, nettle tea is particularly effective in the treatment of a cough.


• During pregnancy, nettle protects against bleeding and strengthens the fetus. In nursing mothers enhances milk production.

Because it is very diuretic and helps stimulate the kidneys, helps overworked kidneys during pregnancy.

It is generally one of the best natural means for treatment of gynecological problems, bleeding after childbirth and excessive menstruation. It helps to normalize the period and blood flow helps to relieve the symptoms of menopause.


• It has been recognized for its tonic properties and rich content of vitamins and minerals. Nettle tea helps in treating diseases of the circulatory system and normalizes blood flow. Since it contains zero oxalic acids, is suitable for people suffering from anemia. The absence of the acid, combined with its high vitamin C content helps with the better absorption of iron.


• Alternative medicine practitioners are using nettle tea as a general health tonic, in the treatment of anemia, jaundice of goiter, asthma, diabetes, kidney problems, allergic rhinitis, and cancer. It is particularly beneficial in patients with epistaxis, intestinal disorders. Due to the astringent properties may help reduce the swelling of hemorrhoids.

It is used to treat allergies, fever, lupus and arthritis.


• As a diuretic, it helps eliminate toxins, fighting fluid retention and supports weight loss. It is a very beneficial drink that should not be missing from any diet. It is high in serotonin and acetylcholine content, substances that are natural appetite suppressants and help in weight loss.


• Nettle contains magnesium and vitamin K, which has been associated with the promotion of bone density and strengthen bone and assists considerably in the absorption and utilization of calcium helping persons with joint pains, sciatica, tendonitis and varices and prevents osteoporosis.


• It is beneficial for skin, is used to treat acne, warts and eczema, improves the texture of dry or oily skin clean without removing the natural oils from the skin. Significantly helps in the healing of burns. Nettle has antihistaminic activity and thus is valuable to those who suffer from alergies.


• It is one of the best herbs for treating oily hair, dandruff and for the treatment or prevention of baldness. Botanists believe it can gradually restore natural hair color.


• The University of Maryland recommends nettle as a decoction for the treatment of osteoarthritis, allergic rhinitis and benign prostatic tumors. It is beneficial to people with diabetes because it lowers blood sugar and glucose levels in the blood.


• The tincture of nettle is the best treatment of urticaria or rash from the stinging nettle.


• It is an organic pesticide and manure component. The stems and leaves of nettle soaked in water are used as a herbicide in plants for the treatment of mites and aphids. Also used as a natural fertilizer, rejuvenates and improves soil conditions and boosts plant health.

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